Pre-Statehood History


The first European settlement was a hunting camp near Petit Gulf established in 1729. The first permanent settlement came in 1775 and the County was formed in 1802. Named for the Territorial Governor, Claiborne County was the third established in the state. Gibson's Landing was chartered in 1803 as the county seat.

 

EARLY MISSISSIPPIANS IN SPANISH NATCHEZ

 THE ANNUAL REPORT OF THE AMERICAN HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION for 1945.

Part II  This report contains translations of materials from the Spanish Archives now in the Bancroft Library at Berkley, all concerned with Spain in the MS Valley, 1765-1794.

 

A letter from Carlos de Grand Pre, Natchez, March 2, 1790, to Governor Don Estavan Miro, enclosed statement of tobacco produced by growers of Natchez, according to the settlers own statements, in 1790. The name of each planter is listed with number of pounds of tobacco reported.  The spelling of names is often SPANISH or a PHONETIC spelling of the same.

 

 

BONNER, MOSES, JR.  6,500

JORDEN, THOMAS 6,000

BENOIST, GABRIEL  3,222

HANDERSON, WILLIAM 8,000

BISLAND, JOHN 2,100

COLLENS, WILLIAM 6,800

BONNER, MOSES  SENIOR 6,000

MANADAU, HENRY 7,000

BANNER, JAMES 3,600

MADDIN, MANUEL  3,000

OWENS, WILLIAM  3,000

WADE, JAMES  4,000

ESSER, THOMAS  1,000

STEVENSON, STEPHEN  1,000

STEPHENSON, SAMUEL   1, 000

FORD, ROBERT  8,000

CASON, CHARLES 4,600

MORGAN, THOMAS 3,600

OGLESBY, JAMES, 3,400

ARMSTRAT, JOHN 1,200

RICHARDSON, JEORGE  1,000

MARBLE, EZRA  4,000

NUTON, JOHN  2,000

BALLACK, BENJAMIN  1,600

RATLESS, WILLIAM  7,000

HOUVARD, JOSHUA  5,000

RICHARDSON, HENRY  6,000

ALEXANDER, YSAAC  3,400

ABRAMS, ROBERT  3,400

MCINTOSH, WILLIAM  5,600

BROWN, OBAJIAH  3,800

KING, CABEL  2,000

SWEEZE, NATHEN  8,500

SHORT, WILLIAM --00

CAVREY, JOHN 8,200

HERK, JAMES 8,800

GILLAIRD, MISTRESS  12,800

LUSK, JOHN  1,000

DAVIS, HUGH &LAN--  -,600

GRAY, RUFFIN  2,800

PALMER, --RCH  3,700

SCOTT, WILLIAM 2,800

--UMMENS, THOMAS  4,800

DAVIS, ELISHA  -,600

NICHOLSON, KA..ES  2,200

--CKEY  4,100

AMBROSE, STEPHEN  2,000

SWEEZE, GABRIEL  2,000

PERDY, CHARLES  -,000

SMITH ZACHEREAH  9,500

ROACH, HENRY   200

OGDON, DANIEL  1,000

LOVELAS, THOMAS 1,000

LOVELAS, EDIARD  --00

ALSTON, JOHN  11,000

ALSTON, LEWIS 13,000

ALSTON, WILLIAM  3,000

ALSTON, JAMES  1,000

BINGEMAN, CHRISTOPHER  1,500

ROU, MISTRESS  1,000

COLEMAN, JOHN  -00

COLEMAN, WILLIAM  300

JONES, DAVID  400

CLARK, DANIEL  20,000

HOLMES, JOSEPH  6,500

RUSSELL, WILLIAM  3,800

COBB, ARTHUR   3,800

SMITH, PHELLINDER  11,000

ELLIS, JOHN  18,100

CARTER, NEHEMIAH  5,100

GREEN, ABNER  9,000

HUTCHENS, ANTHONY  22,000

ROBB, NICHOLAS  2,800

ELLIS, RICHARD  15,500

ELLIS, ABRAHAM  16,000

BENNELL, ELIAS  2,100

CARTER, JESSE  9,500

PHIPPS, SAMUEL  400

SARGET, CHARLES  6,500

DUNBAR, WILLIAM  18,200

JOHNSON, YSAAC  7,100

MITCHELL, DAVID  4,800

WHITE, MATHEU  18,600

IRIVIN, JAMES  5,600

HOLMES, BENJAMIN  7,700

COOPER, WILLIAM  11,600

COOPER, SAMUEL  3,600

COOPER, HENRY  6,000

PRUETT, BEARLIE  4,000

BATES, EPHRAIM  4,000

CALVIT, WILLIAM  10,000

FORD, JOHN  5,400

FLETCHER, WILLIAM  700

LEE, WILLIAM  4,000

CHERBENAUX, LOUIS  700

NELSON, PETER  2,400

BALLOU  5,600

RATLIFF, JOHN  9,700

FANOU, ALEXANDER  1,400

BELEY, GEORGE  100

CALVERT, THOMAS  7,000

TRAVELLION, RICHARD  6,000

GREEN, JOSEPH  1,000

TERRY, JOHN  11,300

STAMPLY, GEORGE  600

HAMBORLIN, WILLIAM  5,000

DALVA, STEPHEN  1,300

PLANNER, HENRY  3,000

CURTES, WILLIAM  6,100

HOLT, JOHN  4,000

RUMSEY, JEAN  8,000

CABLE, JACOB  6,300

SINCLAIR, GASPER  3,800

ODAM, DAVID  5,000

TOOL, PATRICK  1,000

GREEN, HENRY  17,000

SMITH, JOHN  12,000

ISINHOOD, BARNEY  2,000

DYSON, JOSEPH  1,100

SIMMONS, CHARLES  7,000

HARTON, ABRAHAM  2,000

COARTNEY, JOHN  300

COLE, MARK  2,500

SMILEY, THOMAS  2,300

JONES, JOHN 2,400

SPALDEN,   200

STAYBREAKER, JOHN  1,600

DYSON, THOMAS  1,000

DYSON, JOHN  1,600

HUMPHRIES, JUSTES  1,100

ELLIOT, JAMES  4,000

FARBANKS, WILLIAM  2,000

GREEN, THOMAS  23,000

WEST, CATO 11,000

CARIDENE, PARKER  14,000

HOLT, DAVID  9,000

TRULEY, JAMES  9,000

FERGUSON,   2,000

HARRISON, RICHARD  21,000

SPAIN, FRANCIS  3,100

THOMAS, WILLIAM  2,500

STAMPLY. JOHN  3,000

COLE, JAMES  2,900

DAVIS, SAMUEL  1,000

HAMILTON, JESSE  7,500

TREVEN, WILLIAM  6,300

FERMONT, GEORGE  -

COLE, JAMES, SR.  5,000

COLE, STEPHEN  1200

BELL, WILLIAM  1,000

MARLIN, JOHN  11,000

PERRY, DANIEL  4,000

HAY, JAMES  4,000

DAW, SEBASTION  2,000

BELL, SAMUEL  6,000

JACOBS, HENRY  1,200

LENHART, ADAM  6,000

GOADEVIN, MISTRESS  2,300

BURNET, JOHN  5,000

HARMAN, EZEKIEL  4,100

HARMAN, JOHN  3,100

HEARTLY, JOHN  7,000

SMITH, DAVID  1,000

FOYE, BENJAMIN  1,000

MELLER, WILLIAM  100

BOOTHE, JOHN  500

FLOWERS, ELISHA  4,000

HOBLARD, THOMAS  1,200

COBURN,  5,000

GIBSON, SAMUEL  10,000

BROCUS, WILLIAM  8,000

CLARK, GIBSON  7,000

CHAMBERS, DANIEL  1,000

ARMSTRONG, MOSES  300

SMITH, EBENEZER  5,000

FIFE, YSAAC  1,300

CRANE, WALTERMAN  4,000

TURNEY, MATHEU  1,100

FABER, WILLIAM  2,300

VOSS, THOMAS  2,000

SMITH, WILLIAM  2,000

HOWIE, WILLIAM  500

HUMPHRES, RALPH  6,000

BRUIN, PETER B.  7,000

PERHINS, JOSEPH  5,000

KILLION, GEORGE  3,000

RALEY, CADER  3,000

LAMBERT, DAVID  2,000

RYON, WILLIAM  2,300

MILLER, ARCHD.  3,400

FORD, JOSEPH  4,500

ANDERSON  ?

-------, WILEY  1,500

SWEEZE, SAMUEL  1,200

GLASCOCK, M.  3,100

MCINTOSH, JAMES  12,200

BENGEMAM, ADAM  45,000

SMITH, WILLIAM  9,000

SMITH, PHEL  1,500

PARKINS, JONATHAN  1,000

TAMBLESTON, NATHAN  2,000

BACON, RICHARD  2,000

SHELLING, JACOB  500

DAYTON, , EBENEZER  200

BEALL, ALEXANDER  5,000

FOSTER, JOHN  2,000

WHETEKER, DANIEL  1,000

CARPENTER, MARY  2,100

TRIVEN, WILLIAM  5,000

HAYS, JAMES   3,000

CURTES, BENJAMIN  1,500

HIGDON, JEPTHA  10,000

HIGDON, MARY  2,000

CURTES, RICHARD  1,000

GRIFFEN, GABRIEL  10,000

GRIFFEN,    3,000

CALVET, FREDERICK  10,100

BOULS, JOHN  9,100

BRANNON, GIRED  12,000

DUNBAR, ROBERT  11,000

BELTH, BENJAMIN,  4,000

ODAM, JOHN  1,500

CARTER, ROBERT  900

GIBSON, GABRIEL  4,000

RANER, SAMUEL  1,500

PIPES, WINSOR   4,000

SALVERS, JOHN  3,000

HARRISON, JOHN  1,200

OUITT, EZEKIEL  4,000

MCCABE, EDUARD  3,000

BULLEN, JOHN  2,000

HENDERSON, ALEXANDER  2,000

FLOWERS, DOCTOR  12,000

DOVE, MISTRESS  400

GIBSON, RUBEN  3,345

LUM, WILLIAM  6,000

MULKEY, DAVID  500

FOSTER, JAMES  5,000

FOSTER, WILLIAM  6,000

WILLIAMS, DAVID  50,000

LINCTOT, BERNARD  10,000

COLEMAN, JEREMIAH  2,300

FOSTER, THOMAS  8,000

HOSTON, ABRAM  8,000

WELKS, WILLIAM  7,300

FITZGERALD, GEORGE  12,000

GRAFTON, DANIEL  11,000

BARNARD, JOSEPH  8,000

SHILLENG, BOLSER  3,000

SHUNK, JOHN  10,000

MENOR, JOHN  12,000

ELLIS, HERDE  3,000

GILLEARD, ISAAC  10,000

SAVAGE, MISTRESS  6,000

LEAPHART, JACOB  2,000

KING, JUSTIN  10,000

KING, RICHARD, 10,000

KING, CALEB  10,000

SWEEZY, RICHARD  4,700

Submitted by Sue Moore sbmoore@swbell.ne


 

AMERICANS ARRIVING in SPANISH-HELD NATCHEZ 1788-1790

 *These reports were written by a Spanish officer, Carlos de Grand Pre to Governor Estevan Miro; therefore many of the names are in SPANISH or a PHONETIC attempt to convert the name to Spanish.  Some are in English.  The term “settler” means those with intent to settle the district. In 1788, a royal order encouraged American immigration and trade, and colonist began arriving in larger numbers than ever before.  Few of these arrived via the land route, however;  most arrived on flatboats, coming down the Mississippi.  The majority came from Kentucky. Many settled in what would become Adams, Jefferson, and Claiborne counties. List taken from records in the MS Dept. of Archives and History, Jackson MS.  

EXPLANATION OF NUMBERS:  NAME-TOTAL COUNT  (MEN-WOMEN-CHILDREN)

JULY 5, 1788

Arriving from DISTRICT of KENTUCKY

BUCHANAN, JAMES   2  (1-1-0)

PROCTOR, RUBIN  5  (1-1-3)

GLASACOCK, JAIME  6  (1-0-5)

TAYLOR, ISAAC  8  (1-1-6)

MARBLE, ABNER  13  (1-1-11)

RICHARD, ESTEVAN  3  (1-1-1)

PATON, ROBERTO  1

EASMAN, ABEMESER  1

BROCTOR, JUAN  1

CHAMBER, JUAN  1

CHAMBER, SILAS  1

CHAMBER, JOSEPH  1

DAVIS, JUAN  1

GUYLE, JUAN  1

SHORT, JUAN  1

PYAT, JACOBO  1

 

JULY 5,1788

Arriving from STATE of VIRGINIA

BRUIN, PEDRO  5  (1-1-3)

WOOLLEY, MELIN  1

HUMPHRIS, MS.  7  (0-1-6)

TURNEY, JUAN  2  (1-1-0)

NEWMAN, BENJAMIN  7  (1-1-5)

DAYTON, ABNER  1

CHAFEY, ABNER  1

 

JULY 5, 1788

Arriving from DISTRICT OF TENNESSEE/CUMBERLAND

COOK, JORGE  3  (1-1-1)

DRACK, BENJAMIN 2 (1-1-0)

GASKINS, JUAN  5  (1-1-3)

BEHR, THOMAS  4  (1-1-2)

HARDIGILL, DANIEL  5  (1-1-3)

FREMTHAM, MARTIN  5  (1-1-3)

SPAWLINS, JAMES  3  (1-1-1)

SCOGINGS, MADAME  4  (0-1-3)

PIAT, JACOBO  3  (1-1-1)

ORMSBY, JUAN  1

CRETO, ROBERTO  1

MARNEY, JUAN  1

STRICKLING, DANIEL 1

FLECHER, BENJAMIN  1

SNEED, TOMAS  1

MCDUGAL, GUILLERMO  1

PYNN, JAYME  1

MCGUNE, HUGH  1

WEST, JUAN  1

GREEN, ENRIQUE  1

 

DECEMBER 31, 1788

Arriving from FORT PITT/PITTSBURG

COCHRAN, ROBERTO  1

LAND, JUAN  1

LIVEING, LOUIS  1

BONNEY, HUGH  1

HOLSTON, GEORGE  1

DULS, HENRY 1

 

DECEMBER 31, 1788

Arriving from CUMBERLAND/TENNESSEE

RUNDELL, JOSIAH

MCGOUBIK, RUBIN

RUNDELL, SETH

HAYWARD, JOUCHA

ELBERINGTON, JOHN

 

DECEMBER 31, 1788

Arriving from CONNECTICUT

SELDON, GEORGE

 

DECEMBER 31, 1788

Arriving from KENTUCKY

RUD, THOMAS

BECKLY, ADAM

HAMLET, JOHN

 

DECEMBER 31, 1788

Arriving from  PENNSYLVANIA

WALHER, ANDREW

 

DECEMBER 31, 1788

Arriving from the Chacta(CHOCTAW NATION)

BASSETT, WILLIAM  6 (1-1-4)

MILLER, WILLIAM  3  (1-1-1)

FOOY, BENJAMIN  4  (1-1-2)

 

FLATBOATS ARRIVING IN NATCHEZ - OWNER, EMPLOYEES, AND/OR SETTLERS

ACCORDING TO LETTERS FROM CARLOS DE GRAND PRE  TO GOVERNOR MIRO

FEBRUARY 23, 1790

Arriving from KENTUCKY 

LEE, MARK, owner with two flatboats

Employees:

BOCOM, RAMON

FRYEL, ROBERT

BOCOMAN, LEONARD

GIFFORD, WILLIAM

NUOY, JOHN

LEE, JOHN

WAZIAM, JOHN

HARRISON, JOHN

CATHORS, EDWARD, owner with one flatboat

Employees:

WILSON, ISRAEL

GOLLCHER, PATRICK

BROCON, JOHN

HATER, JOHN

MCGALLIHAN,---- with five children

THOMAS, PHILEMON, owner with two flatboats

Employees:

THOMAS, RICHARD

SMITH, CARLOS

MOONEY, SAMUEL

GRIFFON, FRANCIS

CARMACK, JOHN

MOORE, JOHN

MORELY, FLORANCE

 

FEBRUARY 23, 1790

Arriving overland from SOUTH CAROLINA

 GRUBB, BENJAMIN with wife, 1 daughter, 5 Negroes and 1 Negress

 

MARCH 12, 1790

Arriving from SOUTH CAROLINA

WILLIAMS, JUAN, owner with 25 Negroes, to settle

TENDSLEY, PRESTON, with 7 Negroes, to settle

 

APRIL 19, 1790

Arriving from KENTUCKY with 5 flatboats

GUILLERMO, HARMON, owner

Settlers:

DAVIS, JOHN

FOLBERT, EDMUND

BOARD, PHILLIP

ARMESTRONG, WILLIAM

HALL, WILLIAM

ROBERTS, ANTHONY , with wife, son and daughter

O’FINNEY, HUGH  with wife, son and 3 daughters

 

APRIL 20, 1790

Arriving from KENTUCKY with flatboat

MCGANEY, HUGH,  owner and settler

WHITSEL, LEWIS, settler

 

APRIL 22, 1790

Arriving from PENNSYLVANIA , brought by EZEKIEL FORMAN  all to settle:

FORMAN, EZEKIEL with wife, son, and three daughters

Passengers:

OMUND, EBENEZER

CHACACH, ELIZABETH

Employees:

HARLTOCK, CHRISTIAN

ROBENS, GEORGE

OCONOR, GUILLERMO

 

APRIL 22, 1790

Flatboat arriving from VIRGINIA

SHARKEY, PARTICK

Settlers:

HENDERSON, JAMES

STOGAN, JOHN

SMITH, THOMAS

MCELWEE, THOMAS

JOHNSON, EDMUND with family of 5 and 3 Negroes

THUNS, BERRY  with family of four

ROBERTS, JOHN with family of three

DANIEL, THOMAS

SULBAN, THOMAS

 

APRIL 23, 1790

Flatboat arriving from KENTUCKY

COWA-, JOHN, owner and settler

Employees and to settle:

YOUNGE, PETER

GRAHAM, JAMES

 

APRIL 23, 1790

Arriving by  two berchas and one flatboat from KENTUCKY

First bercha, all to settle:

BIERALTER, GEORGE with wife and 2 sons

Employees:

JONES, CHARLES with wife and 2 sons

ROADS, JACOB

WALKER, GEORGE

WALKER, JOSEPH

EVANS, LUIS

STEWART, JAMES

SLONE, AUTHUR

SLONE, JOSEPH

ENRUFTY, JOHN

WILLSON, MICHAEL

Second bercha , all to settle:

LUSK, JAMES, with wife and 2 sons

JONES, FRANCIS

Flatboat:

GRANT, WILLIAM JOHN, owner, returning, cargo included 8 casks of tobacco for

PILMAN, BUCKNER, an inhabitant of the Natchez District

 

APRIL 29, 1790

Arriving by flatboat from KENTUCKY

COBURN, JOHN , returning to home

Employee:

TODD, CHARLES, remaining to settle

 

APRIL 30, 1790

Arriving by 2 flatboats from PENNSYLVANIA

FOWLER, ALEXANDER, owner and settler

Employees to settle:

MURENS, FREDERICK

MCDERMOT, THOMAS

HOUSE, CASPER

TYLAR, DANIEL JOSEPH

GREY, JAMES

 

APRIL 30, 1790

Flatboat arriving from PENNSYLVANIA

PERRY, JUAN, owner

Settlers:

BRON, JAMES

WOLF, GEORGE

BESHIP, GUILLERMO

 

MAY 4, 1790

Arriving by 2 flatboats from KENTUCKY, employees returning

FRENCH, HENRY, owner and to settle

PATERSON, JOHN, owner and to settle

 

MAY 8, 1790

Arriving by flatboat from PENNSYLVANIA with people and goods and brothers of the Adjutant Major of Natchez, DON ESTEVAN MINOR, employees on boat returning

MINOR, WILLIAM, owner and to settle

MINOR, THEOPHILUS, owner and to settle

 

MAY 15, 1790

Arriving by flatboat from PENNSYLVANIA

CHAMBERS, WILLIAM, owner and to settle

 

MAY 16, 1790

Arriving by flatboat from PENNSYLVANIA

TATE, JOHN, owner

JACOBS, MIGUEL

SHERY, JOSEPH

 

MAY 16, 1790

Arriving by 2 flatboats from NORTH AMERICA

MARSHALL, GEORGE, owner of both boats and returning

First flatboat, employees to settle:

DARLINGTON, ABRAM

CARTER, FRIEND

ARMSTRONG, JOHN

LAWSON, AARON

MAJOR, WILLIAM

FRUVIN, ADAM

SCRIBERS, STEPHEN

SCRIBER, ABRAM

Passenger to settle:

BROUNGH, RICHARD

Second flatboat in charge of WILLIAM THOMSON, returning

Settlers:

DEPOS, CHARLES

MORRIS, ISAAC

COLLEK, JUAN

MORROW, MARTIN

FRAZER, GEORGE

MCMULLIR, CARLOS

 

MAY 17, 1790

Arriving by flatboat from KENTUCKY

GORDON, ROBERTO, owner and settler

Settlers:

SMITH, GODFRAY

HOVER, JACOBO

ROS, ROBERTO

 

MAY 17, 1790

Arriving by flatboat from KENTUCKY

BOYLE, JUAN , owner

MATUES, Hugh

 

MAY 23, 1790

Arriving by 2 flatboats from KENTUCKY

First flatboat with all to settle:

EWING, CARLOS, owner

Employees and passengers:

BRODER,--

ROBEL, LEONARD

Second flatboat, owner to return

OCONER, SANTIAGO to settle

 

JUNE 3, 1790

Report of family which EPHRAIN HUBBARD  brought from VIRGINIA

Settlers:

HUBBARD, EPHRAIN and wife and 9 children, 10 Negroes, and plantation tools

 

JUNE 7, 1790

Arriving by 2 flatboats from FORT PITT/PITTSBURG

Settlers:

FIELDS, DANIEL

FIELDS, FELIPE

TOMAS, JUAN  with wife and 1 son

SMITH, CHRISTOPHER

LYON, MATHEW

JACOBO, GEORGES

 

JUNE 22, 1790

Arriving by 6 flatboats from the UNITED STATES

First flatboat,  the NANCY, from OHIO

FORMAN, SAMUEL, owner and settler

FORMAN, EZEK, resident of Natchez District

Other flatboats all from KENTUCKY

Second boat, owner and one passenger returning

Settlers:

MITCHEL, WILLIAM

GOLL, JACOBO

MCKEY, JUAN

Third boat

WINTERS, ELISHA, owner and settler

Fourth boat, owner returning

Settlers:

BUSHNELL, EUSEBIO

GUILLION, JOHN

Fifth and sixth boats, consigned to OLIVER POLLOCK

SHIPMAN, STEPHEN , to settle

 

JUNE 28, 1790

Arriving  by flatboat from KENTUCKY

Settlers:

BEARE, WALTER

TERRY, JAMES with wife and 5 children

HUFFMAN, JACOBO with wife and three children

 submitted by Sue Moore sbmoore@swbell.net