Claiborne County News from the 1800’s

compiled by Sue B. Moore


The Pittsburg Gazette (Pittsburg Penn.) Feb. 24, 1807

“The following message from the President of the United States was laid before the two Houses of Congress on the 10th inst.  ‘To the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States.  I communicate for the information of Congress a letter from Cowles Mead, Secretary of the Mississippi territory to the Secretary of War, by which it will be seen that Mr. (Aaron) Burr had reached that neighborhood on the 18th of January. THOMAS JEFFERSON’”


“Extract of a letter to a gentleman of this place, dated Port Gibson, 20th Jan. 1807

“Col. Burr is now lying on the west bank of the Mississippi one mile below the mouth of the Bayou Pierre with four flats and four barges.  I went over and was introduced to him, Blennerhasset, and others.  No appearance of arms or ammunition – the boats apparently loaded with provisions and baggage of the men, who do not appear to be more than sixty.

The militia has been called out; the Colonels of which visited Col. Burr, - He declares his object is not hostile to the United States, or any part thereof. The men were ordered home, and Burr was to have met the governor at Coal’s Creek on Saturday, to satisfy the minds of  this people that his intentions were correct and laudable. The conduct of Wilkinson has procured Burr a great many friends in this country who openly avow themselves as such, and I feel unless both parties are compelled to be passive, we may have a civil war before six months.  I don’t know how much the assertions of that may be accredited but it is very evident that he has gained many friends here, and were he completely equipped for an expedition, I doubt not that he would find a number to join him.  P. S. (21st Jan. It is said Burr is gone to Washington, the seat of the government of the Territory, for trial, and that the militia has taken his boats to Coal’s Creek, 20 miles above Natchez.  For the truth of that, I cannot vouch.” 


Village Record (West Chester, Penn.) Mar. 18, 1818

“MARRIAGE – On the 20th Jan. last at Port Gibson, State of Mississippi, Dr. Joseph Moore, formerly of this place, to Miss Elizabeth Barnes.”


Orleans Gazette and Commercial Advertiser (New Orleans, La.) July 27, 1819

“Extract of a letter from an officer in the expedition against the Province of Texas to the Editor of the Port Gibson Correspondent, dated ‘Camp Freeman, Texas, 10 miles west of the Sabine, June 23rd, 1810.  We have at length got into our new country, and having an opportunity today, by express to Natchitoches, I take pleasure in writing to you.  We got on to Alexandria, very well with hard rowing from the mouth of the Red river, it being high and rapid. – Our force is augmenting daily.  The subject is laudable, and is entirely popular from your state to this place, as well as in every other part from which we have heard.  Very many are preparing to join us from different parts of Red River, &c. The citizens in this part of Texas are pleased to have an opportunity of assisting in throwing off the Spanish dominion.  In fine, everything at present seems to smile on us.  I am just returned from riding all night on business for the army.  We leave here this afternoon in pursuit of a party of traders, supposed to be royalists, going to St. Antonio, with goods!!!!  The troops are busy cleaning their guns for a warm chase.  We shall probably overtake them tomorrow night.  Gen. (James) Long arrived here on the 21st, and on that day raised the flag of republicanism.”


Louisville Public Examiner (Louisville, Ken.) Jan. 26, 1822

“ By the arrival of gentlemen from a visit to Texas, we learn that the reported capture of Long and his party is correct – particulars are not received. – Port Gibson Correspondent


The Mississippi Statesman and Natchez Gazette (Natchez, Miss.) Aug. 16, 1827

“DIED _ On Saturday, the 4th inst., Mrs. Matilda Greenleaf, consort of Mr. Daniel Greenleaf, of this town.  In the death of this amiable and interesting woman, society has met with an irreparable loss and a husband bereaved of one of the most affectionate of wives.  Although she did not make an open profession of religion, yet such was her perfect resignation to the will of Providence, at the last trying moment, as to convince the world she was going to the abode of her heavenly father. ‘Blessed are the dead that die in the Lord.’ She has left two little daughters to mourn her. – Port Gibson Correspondent


Daily National Intelligencer (Washington, D. C.) Oct. 9, 1827

“ ‘Old Jack Darnell,’ a dissipated, inoffensive Irishman, well-known in this neighborhood, was killed at the Grand Gulf on Tuesday evening last, by a man named Henry Jones, carpenter on the steamboat Robert Emmett, lying at the Gulf.  Mr. J. is now in custody.  He states that he did not intend killing him, but merely chastising him for his insufferable obtrusions, and expresses much sorrow at the fatal result of his chastisement.”


The Mississippi Statesman and Natchez Gazette (Natchez, Miss.) June 19, 1828

“DIED, at the house of her father near Port Gibson on Wednesday morning last, Sarah Ross, daughter of P. A. Vandorn, Esq., aged three years and six months.

DIED – in Port Gibson, on Friday morning last, of Paralysis, Capt. John Campbell, in the 56th year of his age.  He was born in Philadelphia, and has spent many of the last years of his life in this country. Until lately he followed the occupation of captain of Steamboats, in which a peculiar fatality attended all his enterprises.  Every boat, we believe, which he has commanded has either suffered severe injury by some accident or been totally destroyed, and in addition, we understand he has been shipwrecked once or twice on the high seas.  What is more remarkable, in not a single instance can blame be attached to him for neglect or unskillfulness: he was one of the most vigilant and careful officers that ever followed the waters. – Port Gibson Correspondent


The Liberator, (Boston, Mass.) May 21, 1831
“'Oh! Slavery thou art a bitter cup!!'  The following notice we copy from the advertising columns of the Port-Gibson Correspondent, published in the state of Mississippi:
'State of Mississippi, Claiborne county.
By virtue of the powers vested in me by law, and by virtue of the statute made in such case and provided, I shall expose to public sale, to the highest bidder for ready money, at the court-house of Claiborne county on the 3d Monday of March next, within the time

prescribed by law, a negro man, named Albert:— committed to the prison of said county as a runaway slave, and has not been claimed by any owner within six months from the date of the commitment, and will be sold for his prison and other fees. A.K. SHAIFER, Shff. C.c.'”

Natchez Courier and Adams, Jefferson and Franklin Advertiser (Natchez, Miss.) June 21, 1833.

“From the Port Gibson Correspondent – An awful accident occurred on the Mississippi river, nearly opposite Grand Gulf on Tuesday last, by which nine persons lost their lives.  The ferry-flat containing Mr. Elijah L. Clark, and part of his family, consisting of his son and daughters-in-law. Mrs. Gibson Clark and child, Mrs. John B. Clark and child, and Miss Coursey, sister of Mrs. Gibson Clark, aged about twelve years, and also four negroes, three grown and one child, making ten in all; and four horses, in crossing from the Louisiana shore to Chittaloosa, got into an eddy of the Gulf; and in the confusion that ensued, the horses became frightened, and rushing to one end of the flat, tilted it under water; the eddy at the moment seizing it , drew the end downwards, until the boat stood almost perpendicular in the water.  The motion was so sudden that everything was precipitated into the stream.  The horses swam to shore, but all the persons were drowned, with the exception of Mr. Clark, the child of Mrs. John H. Clark, and the ferryman. – Mr. Clark saved himself by seizing a horse tail, which brought him to shore, the ferryman on his flat, and the child floated until picked up by a boat which put off from the shore.  Thus has been given a death stroke to the happiness of this respected family. – The bodies of the unfortunates have not, we understand, been found.  Mrs. John B. Clark has left one orphan son.”

Natchez Courier and Adams, Jefferson and Franklin Advertiser (Natchez, Miss.) Nov. 1,1833.

“MARRIED, at the residence of her father near Port Gibson, on the 20th inst. by Jas. H. Maury, Esq., Doctor Charles W. Wilson, of Gallatin to Miss Elizabeth W. Thompson, daughter of Mr. John W. Thompson.”

The Liberator (Boston, Mass.) Nov, 2, 1833
“John Jennings, Esq. Post Master of Port Gibson, Mississippi, was shot dead in the street at that place, on the 14th ult. by a man named Jacob Skinner. The cause of the outrage is not stated.”

New-York Spectator (New York, N. Y.) May 15, 1834

“Port Gibson – April 14 – The Cholera, about thirteen days since, made its appearance on the plantation of  Mr. Benjamin Smith, one mile from Port Gibson.  Up to yesterday there had been forty-two cases and six deaths.  No new cases since.  There have been one or two cases in Port Gibson, but no deaths and no new cases.”


The Liberator ( Boston, Massachusetts) August 22, 1835
More Horrors.— The Louisville Journal contains an extract from a letter dated Cayuga, Miss. July 9. The writer states that a plot was discovered in Port Gibson, to poison several families. Two of the leaders in the plot were immediately arrested, and after they had confessed their guilt, were compelled to take their own poison. Both expired in ten minutes. The Port Gibson jail, the writer states, is filled with negroes; and adds, by way of Postscript, that 30 blacks have been hanged in Madison county.”


The Liberator (Boston, Mass.) Aug. 22, 1835
Attempt to Poison.— A letter from Port Gibson, under date of 1st inst. says that great excitement exists among the citizens of that place in consequence of an attempt of Mr. McVoy's negroes to poison him and his family. Two of the negroes themselves have died, but none of the whites. The blacks say that they were instigated to the crime by two white men, Figg and Smith, who promised to take them to a Spanish Colony.”


United States Telegraph (Washington, D. C.) July 27, 1836

“TEXAS VOLUNTEERS – Last night, about 200 men, under Col. Wilson, bound for Texas, passed this place in the Tuskins, drums beating and fifes playing: 300 men are to follow, all from ‘Old Kaintuck.’ Grand Gulf (Miss.) Advertiser


Mississippi Free Trader and Natchez Gazette (Natchez, Miss.) Nov. 18, 1836

“The Port Gibson Correspondent, the oldest paper, we believe, in the state, has recently changed hands.  It is now published by Messers. Davis & Jeffers, and professes to be neutral in politics.”


Daily National Intelligencer (Washington, D. C.) Jan. 25, 1837

“DEATH – Port Gibson Correspondent – At Port Gibson, Miss. on the 25th December, Perry Worthington, Esq. of Montgomery county, Maryland, in the 22nd year of his age, after an illness of ten days.  Mr. W. was a member of the Bar, and a young gentleman of high character and amiable manners.  He had just settled in Port Gibson, with the view of practicing his profession, and was esteemed and respected highly by those with whom he formed an acquaintance.”


Village Record (West Chester, Penn.) Sept. 25, 1838

“Death notice at Port Gibson, Miss. on 8th August, 1838 – Samuel Smith, native of Chester County, Pennsylvania, and for the last fifteen years of Port Gibson and vicinity.

The Natchez Daily Courier (Natchez, Miss.) June 2, 1839

“PORT GIBSON BURNT – We are sorry to record the calamitous occurrence which has befallen our sister town.  For the information of our distant readers, we would state that Port Gibson is the county seat of Claiborne county, and was a flourishing town.

June 1st, 1839


Dear Sir:- This afternoon, while at Grand Gulf, on the steamer Hinds, we learned direct from Port Gibson, that the town was in flames, and was, when our informant left, more than half destroyed.  The Court house and Jail were burnt (the court routed while in session in the middle of an important trial) and the rows of buildings on both sides of Main street, from the public square to the street on which the Planter’s Bank is situated.  As well as I can learn, every store in town is burnt.  The fire commenced in the rear of Mr. Anderson’s new buildings.  The Bank of Port Gibson saved all their books and papers, but left the house they were in, in ashes.  The court officers saved their books and papers.  The Planters Bank had removed all their books and papers, but it was thought the building would be saved.”


The Liberator (Boston, Mass.) Apr. 10, 1840
“Mr. Duffield, editor of the Grand Gulf Whig, being attacked by two
tavern-keepers (brothers) named Smith, stabbed both with bowie knives, inflicting wounds supposed mortal.”

The Liberator (Boston, Mass.) Nov. 13, 1840

Shocking Murder. — We learn, says the Vicksburg Sentinel, of the 16th, that the day before yesterday, Dr. Morehead, of Grand Gulf, killed Dr. Sullivan, by stabbing him in the abdomen and cutting his throat! Almost every paper from the south-western States contains some such shocking item of intelligence.”


Delaware County Republican, April 15, 1842

“MARRIAGE - On the 12th inst., by the Rev. G.W. Ridgely, at St. Paul
Church, Chester, RICHARD M. HARRISON, Esq. of Port Gibson,
Miss., to Miss SUSAN M. EDWARDS, daughter of J. Edwards, Esq.
of this borough.”

The Liberator (Boston, Mass.) July 1, 1842

“Murder of B. F. Stockton – We regret to learn that this gentleman, so well known in this State, formerly as the able editor of the Port Gibson Correspondent, has been killed on his plantation in Texas, by a connection, we hear, named Thatcher.  Some words passed between the parties.  Stockton, sitting on the fence, when Thatcher suddenly shot him, the charge passing through his thigh; Stockton fell, and while on the ground and in the act of raising his gun, he received the contents of Thatcher’s second barrel in his breast and expired.”

Mississippi Free Trader and Natchez Daily Gazette (Natchez, Miss.) Mar. 18, 1843

“MARRIED, on Thursday evening, the 9th inst., by the Rev. Jeremiah Chamberlain, Dr. E. D. Pickett, of Rodney, to Miss Indiana Briscoe, daughter of William Briscoe, Esq., of this county, - Port Gibson Correspondent”


Mississippi Free Trader and Natchez Daily Gazette (Natchez, Miss.) April 19, 1845

“Grand Gulf and Port Gibson Railroad – The railroad from Grand Gulf to Port Gibson, Miss., is to be finished at last.  All the difficulties which have heretofore prevented the completion of this road are now removed, and we learn from the Port Gibson Herald, that the sum for the purchase of the ‘right of way’ amounting to the sum of $10,000, has been liberally subscribed by its citizens, and the agent of the road, has, it is said, gone to Philadelphia to complete the arrangement by which the necessary funds (some $50,000) will be raised.”


The Mississippian (Jackson, Miss.) May 21, 1847

“Col. F. L. Claiborne, of Adams county, is suggested by the Port Gibson Correspondent, for Congress.”


The Daily Scioto Gazette (Chillicothe, Ohio) Sept. 26, 1851

“On the 5th inst., a foul and dastardly murder was committed at Port Gibson, Miss., by one George A. Briscoe; his victim was well-known and highly esteemed Jeremiah Chamberlain, President of Oakland College.  It is said Briscoe went to the College, inquired for the Rev. Mr. Chamberlain, who came out, when he was assailed by Briscoe with the sword from a cane and killed.  The murderer immediately fled, but was so hotly pursued that he robbed the gallows of it just dues by cutting his throat from ear to ear; in this condition he was found on the morning of the 6th on the public road, and died in a few minutes after the pursuing party reached him.  It is said that the difficulty originated from political matters, by which that State is so much excited. – New Orleans Bulletin”


North American and United States Gazette (Philadelphia, Penn.) July 27, 1854

“Excitement at Port Gibson – The New Orleans Delta has been shown a letter written from Port Gibson, and dated July11, received by a gentleman in that city, from which it makes the following extract:  Our town is now under great excitement.  About four weeks ago, N. P. Moody and Mr. Bland, a planter of this county, had a street fight, which resulted in Bland being badly wounded.  Bland, having recovered, he determined to kill Moody, and on Friday night, Bland, his two stepsons and two negroes, each armed with double-barreled shotguns, and also two in reserve, making seven in all, came into town at midnight, and secreted themselves in a house, by which Moody passed on his route from his dwelling to his office, and as Moody was passing quietly and unsuspiciously from his breakfast, he was fired at from behind a fence, by one of the party, and immediately the negroes and all rushed out upon him.  Being taken unawares, he ran through the houses and to the bar-room of Dr. Hastings, and all the party fired at him. The house is perfectly riddled with balls, and the men in the shop made a very narrow escape.  The assassins leaped, in hot pursuit, over the fence, and shot, to the great danger of the persons who were standing about the Post Office, which building is also riddled.  There were ten shots with guns, yet strange to any, Moody is not much hurt.  He was hit twice in the face and once on the back. The shot in the back did no harm, as it struck his pistol belt, and was the means of saving his life.  Our whole town is aroused at this attempt of assassination, also indignant at the Sheriff who refused to arrest the parties.  The Bland party are under $33,000 bond to appear at court.  Moody was perfectly cool, and never even took his cigar from his mouth during the whole attempt.”


The New York Herald (New York) Mar. 6, 1863“IMPORTANT FROM THE SOUTHWEST. The Second Cruise of the Queen of the West Below Vicksburg. Our Mississippi River Correspondence. NEAR VICKSBURG, Feb. 22, 1863.

“GRAND GULF. Grand Gulf was a flourishing town, situated on the bluffs at the confluence of the Big Black and the Mississippi river. It is a ruined waste. There is a bit of history connected with Grand Gulf. In May, 1862, Farragut’s fleet passed up the river. The citizens were disposed to pleasantry and fired upon him. He sent word to them that if the offence was repeated he would burn the town. The offence was repeated, and the town was burned. A railroad extended from Grand Gulf to Port Gibson, twelve miles into the interior, but this is now destroyed. Three miles below Grand Gulf is the point from whence to New Orleans, in 1853, the steamers Eclipse and A. L. Shortwell made their great twenty- four hours run. The only towns or landings of importance between Grand Gulf and Natchez are St. Joseph, Rodney and Waterproof.”

Lowell Daily Citizen and News (Lowell, Mass.) May 8, 1863

“CAPTURE OF GRAND GULF, MISS. – A dispatch boat from our fleet on the lower Mississippi has arrived at Cairo with the news that our forces have captured Grand Gulf, with 500 prisoners, and all the guns, ammunition, and stores.  It is added that guerillas at Greenville, Miss., destroyed the transport Minnesota on Sunday.  Our gunboats shortly afterward scattered the enemy.”

Vermont Chronicle (Bellows Falls, Ver.) May 12, 1863

“Cincinnati, May 9. – The following is a special dispatch to the Gazette: Memphis, May 7. – General Grant has captured Grand Gulf, Port Gibson, and Willard Valley.  On Wednesday, Gen. Grant’s main army was 30 miles up the Big Black river, marching in the rear of Vicksburg.  The army was enthusiastic at the prospect of a speedy victory.”

New York Herald (New York, N. Y.) May 18, 1863

IMPORTANT FROM THE SOUTHWEST.The Army of General Grant in Mississippi.
Our Expeditionary Correspondence. SOUTH SIDE OF BIG BLACK RIVER,

THE MARCH. The road to Port Gibson lies along the inner side of the levee for a couple of miles, until its branches to the right and strikes the bluff or series of hills extending to Grand Gulf and Vicksburg. The route over these bluffs differs so materially from that over the dead levels of the preceding days that we were continually finding something to wonder at and admire. The abrupt acclivities, the deep ravines, the waving corn, the beautiful flowers and magnificent magnolias, just now in full blossom, diffusing most delicious perfumes, and the long line of soldiers winding around the green trees, formed a truly beautiful picture. The harmony of this scene, normally so suggestive of peace, was sadly marred by the constantly recurring evidences that man was at variance with his fellow. As we approached a point six miles from Bruinsburg we could hear the more rapid firing of cannon and the shaper rattle of musketry. When we arrived within four miles of Port Gibson we met a small force of stragglers, and received orders to move
forward to the front.

"THOMPSON'S HILLS AND ITS TOPOGRAPHY. The peculiar features of the region a little east of Bruinsburg are rigidly maintained here, except that, if possible, the hills are steeper, the ravines deeper and ingress much more difficult. As we approach the plantation whence the battle takes its name we find at the bottom of a deep ravine a
clear running stream of water - a rarity in this latitude. Ordinarily the streams are muddy and turbid; but here was one as clear as crystal. Beyond this stream the road over the hill
rises abruptly until it reaches an open field, upon which the plantation mansion stands. Just beyond is a road to the left leading to Grand Gulf, and to the right a road, leading south. We follow the latter, and reach a primitive church just in the edge of a grove of magnolias, with an open lawn in front. A half mile beyond this road again forks, the left leading to Port Gibson and the right to Rodney. Taking this church as a centre, and striking a semi-circle towards the east whose periphery shall be everywhere two miles from this common centre, and your line will strike a chain of hills and valleys, upon which and between which this battle, known as that of Thompson Hills, was fought. Just beyond these hills is Port Gibson.

THE BATTLE OF PORT GIBSON. General McClernand’s army corps was marching in the direction of Port Gibson, and had reached the ravine and the running brook alluded to as early as eleven o`clock on Thursday evening. It was his intention to encamp on the opposite hill, near which the hospital has since been indicated; but the enemy had placed a three gun battery there, and, as our advance reached the ravine, he began most persistently to shell us. His range was not good, and the guns did no damage. We withdrew out of range, and patiently waited for daylight. At daybreak the fight was renewed, first by the advance skirmishers, and afterwards by the main body. The battery
placed upon the hill opposite was annoying us, and the Eighteenth and Eighth Indiana were ordered to take it. Across the running water and up the steep ascent advanced the brave Indianians, with bayonets firmly set, nor faltered a single step until the enemy were driven from the position and their guns fell into our hands. From here the enemy retired to the right, following theroad which led past the church, near which they had stationed
another battery. Here the battle raged fearfully, and severalof our men were wounded and killed. After the rebels had leftthis point I was able to find where the fight raged the
fiercest, the dead bodies of twenty men within a circuit of half as many rods. Driven from this position by the impetuous attack of the federal soldiers, the rebel General sought a
convenient circlet of hills, and established his battle line. His centre rested on the Port Gibson road, with his right and left on the right and left of that thoroughfare. The attack
was first made with artillery upon his centre, then skirmishers advanced, and the engagement became general in that locality. After heavy firing, the enemy gave way and massed his forces on his left with the evident intention of flanking our right. This intention was discovered in season to avoid it by a proper disposition of our reserves, when the enemy wheeled over to his right and massed his forces, making a most formidable demonstration. The attack against this wing was resisted with great determination and with partial success in the earlier part of the day, and the enemy gained several important positions, from which, for some hours, we tried in vain to dislodge him. On our extreme left and their right there was an elevation, protected in front by an impenetrable canebreak, and defended from flank approach by ravines, where the attacking party would be forced to undergo an enfilading fire. The enemy had mounted his guns upon the hill and posted his skirmishers in the thicket before it. Several hours most strenuous efforts were made to dislodge them, but our boys were unable to penetrate the dense thicket. The deadly missiles came singing through the air with fearful accuracy, and many a brave soldier was laid low. General Osterhaus and a portion of his division
were opposite. At length reinforcements were called for, and the First brigade of the Third division, commanded by General John E. Smith, came rushing along the road towards Grand Gulf. They were quickly formed and in position, and with a shout, which must has struck terror in the hearts of the enemy the boys fixed bayonets and boldly charged the position. Down upon their hands and knees, they worked their way through the young cane, and mercilessly slaughtered all who did not yield. One hundred and fifty men were taken prisoners in the glorious charge, and scores of rebels were killed and wounded. They gained the other side of the thicket and picked off the men and horses serving the rebel battery. The Union batteries finished the good work and the position and guns fell into our hands. Beaten at every point, losing one hundred and fifty killed, three hundred wounded, and more than five hundred prisoners, the enemy sullenly and rapidly retreated to Port Gibson, harassed in his flight by vollies of musketry and the most
strenuous efforts of our artillery. Without difficulty they reached Port Gibson, blowing up
when near the village a caisson filled with shot, shell and powder. Night was wrapping her sable mantle over hill and valley, and the silver moon shone out clear and bright, casting a flood of beautiful light over friend and foe, when the order was given to cease pursuit. We rested on the battle field, wearied and exhausted, and soon deep silence reigned supreme where Mars so recently held high carnival.

THE UNION LOSS. I have yet seen no estimate, and must rely upon my own observations. I estimate the killed at one hundred and fifty, wounded as four hundred and prisoners at twenty. I consider this rather an over estimate

The Camden Confederate (Camden, S. C.) May 29, 1863

“Col. Pettus, who was taken prisoner by the Yankees, and afterwards escaped, says the Yankees strength is between 40,00 and 50,000, distributed along the road from Port Gibson to the Big Black, and commanded by Grant, in person.”

The New York Herald (New York, N. Y.) Sept. 2, 1863 

“The President’s Letter to General Grant -EXECUTIVE MANSION, WASHINGTON, July 13, 1863. MAJOR GENERAL GRANT:-

MY DEAR GENERAL - I do not remember that you and I ever met personally. I write this now as a grateful acknowledgment for the almost inestimable service you have done the country. I wish to say a word further. When you first reached the vicinity of Vicksburg I thought you should do what you finally did - march the troops across the neck, run the batteries with the transports, and thus go below, and I never had any faith,
except a general hope that you knew better than I, that the Yazoo Pass expedition and the like could succeed. When you got below and took Port Gibson, Grand Gulf and vicinity, I thought you should go down the river and join General Banks; and when you turned northward, east of Big Black, I feared it was a mistake. I now wish to make the personal acknowledgment that you were right and I was wrong. A. LINCOLN.”

The Charleston Mercury (Charleston , S. C.) July 11, 1864

“THE ENEMY REPULSED IN MISSISSIPPI - MOBILE, July 8. - The operator at Jackson, Miss. reports that the force which moved from Rodney simultaneously
with that which marched from Vicksburg and which was commanded by Colonel ELLETT, of Maine, consisted of 500 white cavalry and1500 negro infantry. This column was met at Coleman Cross Roads, 10 miles south of Port Gibson, by Colonel Wood, with his regiment, MORGAN'S battalion, and a few State troops, all being a portion of ADAMS' brigade, and amounting to about 1000 men. The enemy were driven back to Rodney after a sharp fight. The enemy loss was 67 killed and a large number wounded. We captured many horses, small arms and equipments. Our loss was six killed. The number of our wounded is not known as yet.”


Milwaukee Daily Sentinel (Milwaukee, Wis,) Apr. 17, 1869

“GRAND GULF, Mississippi, was last week the scene of one of those tragedies of passion that appear more like romance than reality.  A young man named Cushing loved a Miss Andrews, pressed his suit, and was refused.  On Sunday last he rode to her residence, and without alighting, begged to see her.  When she appeared, he shot her dead.  He then rode frantically away, but was pursued by his victim’s brother, breathing vengeance against him.  Andrews overtook Cushing as he was crossing a creek, and fired at him.  Cushing jumped from his horse and took shelter in the bush.  Andrews, not to be at a disadvantage, did the same.  A parley ensued, and the two young men agreed to fight according to the code; to leave the cover, fire, advance and fire , and again advance firing until one should fall.  At the first fire, Cushing received a mortal wound to the left shoulder, but the men continued to near each other and fire until their revolvers were empty.  When assistance arrived, Cushing lay dead, with four bullets in his body.  Andrews had received three bullets in his breast.  He was able to tell how the fight had taken place, when he also expired.”


The Galveston Daily News (Houston, Tex.) Mar. 25, 1876

“Southern Items – Died – Michael Trimble of Jefferson County, Miss.  It is believed that Trimble was the oldest man in either Jefferson or Claiborne county.  He emigrated to Mississippi about the beginning of this century and enlisted in the War of 1812, and was distinguished at New Orleans during the siege, and equally in the first fight with the British army after it landed, on the night of 23rd December, 1814.”

The Hinds County Gazette (Raymond, Miss.) Aug. 30, 1876

“A poor widow woman, living between Raymond and Port Gibson in 1863 had a very fine young mare to which she and her children were much attached.  Grant’s army came along, and FREDDY, GRANT’S SON, seeing the mare, had her bridled and saddled and appropriated her to his own use.  He rode that animal, we are informed, into the town of Raymond, and went on with it to Vicksburg. – We understand that there is an honest colored man, now living in the northern part of the county, who witnessed the taking of the mare, and knows all about it, and that he delights in speaking of the transaction.  Freddy Grant, it will be remembered, now belongs to the U. S. Army – that is, he gets the pay of a Lieutenant, or Captain, but stays at the White House in Washington.  His company gets into fights with the Indians, on the frontiers, and some of them got scalped, but Freddy’s scalp is in no danger – he is safe and sound in the luxurious apartments of the Executive Mansion at the National Capital, far removed from danger. – Port Gibson Correspondent”

The New Mississippian ( Jackson, Miss.) Dec. 15, 1885

“Miss Mallie Myles, the belle of Port Gibson, and a young lady of rare accomplishments and graces, will be married this evening to Hon. John McC. Martin, the talented and prominent Senator from Claiborne, an attorney at the head of his profession in that section.  We extend them our warmest congratulations and wish them all of joy in their wedded life.”

The Atchison Daily Globe (Atchison, Kan.) Aug. 6, 1888

“Requisition Issued – Jackson, Miss. Aug. 6 – Governor Lowery Saturday issued a requisition on the Governor of Arkansas for the extradition of Harrison Page, the negro who assassinated John P. Briscoe, of Claiborne County, Dr. Charles E. Buck, the sheriff, and one of his deputies, and wounded another while they were endeavoring to arrest him.”

The Daily Picayune (New Orleans, La.) Aug. 22, 1888

“Arkansas City, Ark. – Aug. 29 (Correspondence) – The arrest of a negro for Harrison Page, who murdered our sheriff and one of his deputies and wounded another in 1878, turns out, for the forty-second time, not to be Page.  No one in Port Gibson gave credence to the statement of the detective that he had Harrison Page incarcerated at Arkansas City. The negroes were excited somewhat, but our people knowing Page well, disbelieved the matter, and no one was willing to go on the fool’s errand of a trip to Arkansas City, expenses paid.  If Page is ever caught, you can depend on it he will never confess, repent, not make a confident of anyone.  The reward offered by Claiborne county of $2500 still holds for him – dead or alive.”

The Daily Picayune (New Orleans, La.) Aug. 12, 1895

“NECROLOGY- Captain N. S. Walker – Port Gibson, Miss. – Aug. 11 (Special) Captain N. S. Walker, the popular and efficient sheriff of Claiborne county for the past sixteen years died this morning, aged 59 years.  Captain Walker was born in Herkimer county, N. Y. and came to Mississippi in 1860.  At the outbreak of the war, he joined a company from this county and with them, was sent to Virginia where he was elected lieutenant.  For the entire period of the war, he was noted for steadfast courage and bravery that won him the captain’s bars.  Captain Walker was lately a candidate for state treasurer, but the fatal illness had then seized him, and he was unable to make any canvass whatever.  He was prominent as a Mason and Odd Fellow, and above all, a man who had the confidence and love of his fellow citizens.”

submitted by Sue B. Moore